Tag Archives: maintenance addictions

General Definitions – M

General Definitions Addiction Recovery -M

M – Addiction Recovery Definitions

Maintenance Addiction: A substance or behavior that one chooses to continue to control, because it’s necessary, like food, or is very desirable, like an intimate relationship.

Medical Model: A model of addiction as a disease that is best treated by medical professionals.

Minimization: Seeing something or a situation as less significant than it actually is.

Mirroring: Matching or copying another’s behavior, non-verbally communicating with each other in the process.

Mirror Neurons: Is a neuron that fires when you act and when you observe the same action performed by another, “mirroring” the behavior of the other person, as though you were performing the action.

Model, Modeling: To watch someone’s behavior and practice acting the same way, until it become comfortable.

Mood-Altering, Psychoactive Substance: A substance or behavior that affects the brain, creating intense pleasure and changing one’s emotional state.

Motivation: The reasons you act the way they do. There are many factors such as your intensity of desire or need, reward value of the goal, and your or other’s expectations.

Multiple Disciplinary Approach: This is the name for a team treatment approach, which can include a psychiatrist, nurse, social worker, counselor, and other professional.

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Abstinent and Maintenance Addictions

It’s essential you have a clear and strong response to your addiction. Depending on the type of addiction and your relationship with it, this requires either abstaining or maintaining, or abstaining after attempting to maintain.

Abstinent Addictions

Abstinence requires total avoidance from the addiction. Consider the following:

Drugs or Non-Prescription Medication

  • Alcohol
  • Amphetamines
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Caffeine
  • Cocaine
  • Ecstasy
  • Hallucinogens
  • Inhalants
  • Marijuana
  • Nicotine: Smoking or chewing
  • Opiates
  • Over the Counter Medications
  • Performance Enhancing Medications: Steroids, human growth hormones, etc.
  • Synthetic or designer drugs
  • Tranquilizers



Ingestion of non-food materials

Self Harm

  • Burning, Cutting, and Pounding
  • Suicide attempts


Pornography, Internet

Maintenance Addictions:

With some addictions aspects of the addiction are unavoidable or have some redeeming value. Your recovery approach needs a structured plan with specific limits. Some addictions may necessitate a brief period of abstinence, such as sexual abstinence when you are in recovery from a sex addiction.


  • Cosmetic Surgery
  • Tanning: Tanorexia



  • Cluttering and Hoarding
  • Status: Art, cars, women, an entourage


  • Sports: Watching or participating
  • War: Against self or others


From high risk behavior

  • Criminal activity
  • Drama
  • Extreme activities: bungy jumping, hang gliding

Extreme Exercise and Body Building


Ego-acknowledgment, achievement, money, attention


  • Overeating
  • Binging/purging
  • Dieting
  • Eliminating:  suppository
  • Obesity
  • Sugar or carbohydrate abuse
  • Under-eating: Anorexia

Gambling and Gaming

  • Personal or Interactive
  • Video: Units and online


  • Saving
  • Spending: For pleasure
  • Spending: For effect, status, control, ego

Power and Control

  • Accumulation: Making, keeping
  • Institutional: Organizational, religious

Prescription Medication

Relationship, Love, Romance


  • Personal, Interpersonal
  • Video, Television, Movies, Porn

Work, Personal Projects

Note: Categories are not clear-cut. Depending on the details, addictions could be in a different or more than one category.

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